Types of Construction Trucks

Types of Construction Trucks

Construction crews are able to do a variety of jobs more quickly and effectively thanks to the different types of construction trucks.

These different kinds of construction trucks assist you in carrying building supplies like aggregate or stone or excavating trenches in the ground. You can pick a single multipurpose vehicle that can carry out a variety of tasks or you can select highly specialized units tailored for a particular job.

In this article, we describe the many types of construction trucks, the duties they carry out, and how they operate.

What are Construction Trucks?

Construction trucks refer to a “commercial motor vehicle” used for business purposes on the roadways, such as the transporting of goods, wares, and merchandise, with the exception of vehicles that run solely on rails or tracks and passenger cars used for travel or the transport of milk and farm products, as applicable.

Construction vehicles let crews do a number of tasks more swiftly and efficiently. You may carry construction materials like stone or aggregate or dig trenches in the ground with the help of many types of construction trucks.

You can pick a single multipurpose vehicle that can carry out a variety of tasks or you can select highly specialized units tailored for a particular job.

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Different Types of Construction Trucks

Here are our top picks:

  1. Loaders
  2. Bulldozer
  3. Excavators
  4. Front-Loaders
  5. Scraper
  6. Trenchers
  7. Backhoe Loader
  8. Forklift
  9. Compactor
  10. Cold Planer
  11. Articulated Trucks
  12. Wheel Loader
  13. Dump Trucks
  14. Conveyors
  15. Concrete Mixer Truck
  16. Backhoe
  17. Crawler Dozer
  18. Cranes
  19. Feller Buncher
  20. Reclaimer
  21. Ballast Tamper
  22. Grader
  23. Stacker

1. Loaders

Materials are loaded using loaders. The building site’s existing materials are moved by loaders in addition to being loaded with them. Loaders load and move items such as gravel, dirt, rocks, snow, recycled materials, asphalt, demolition waste, etc. They are one of the best types of construction trucks.

Wheeled or tracked loaders are both possible. They assist in moving materials from ground-level stockpiles to trucks and moving them about the building site.

Scoop loaders, front loaders, skid steer loaders, payloaders, bucket loaders, and other types of loaders are among the many available. A loader can be put together in a variety of ways and is either permanently mounted or detachable.

2. Bulldozer

One of the most popular and most popular construction vehicles is the bulldozer. It is one of the sturdiest cars and looks like a tractor with a massive front blade.

This metal blade has the ability to push various materials, including dirt, sand, and trash. A bulldozer can be used to haul other large objects, transport objects, or dig trenches.

3. Excavators

Excavation is a key operation that happens on every building site. Since the excavation of the ground is so large-scale, heavy equipment is required. Excavators, one of the most expensive construction vehicles, are used for excavation.

An excavator comprises a dipper, bucket, boom, and cab that is mounted on a revolving platform. Excavators come in a variety of sizes and are widely accessible.

Mini excavators and compact excavators are terms used to describe smaller excavators.
Excavators are used to excavating foundations, holes, and trenches.

Due to the presence of hydraulic hammers, they are much more effective and efficient than any other sort of excavation equipment. Every sector, including forestry, mining, and building, uses excavators.

4. Front-Loaders

Front loaders resemble bulldozers and are often referred to as scoop loaders or bucket loaders. Front loaders may be employed in very tough terrain because of their large wheels.

It has an adjustable arm that can be moved, a large, square bucket that could be firmly attached or removed, and it is used to carry material. Other tools, such as forks or buckets that function hydraulically, can be used in place of the bucket.

Front loaders are mostly used for moving dirt. Road construction is the primary use for front-loaders. Front loaders are used to convey construction supplies including bricks, metal bars, pipelines, and digging equipment.

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5. Scraper

A huge truck called a scraper is used to remove debris from the surface, such as dirt and gravel. It has a self-propelled or towable wagon with a bottom gate with blades. It is also one of the best types of construction trucks.

Materials are loaded using loaders. The building site’s existing materials are moved by loaders in addition to being loaded with them. Loaders load and move items such as gravel, dirt, rocks, snow, recycled materials, asphalt, demolition waste, etc.

As the wagon goes forward, the blade scrubs up the ground, propelling excavated materials into the cart. The materials are moved to the disposal location when the wagon is finished, the gate is closed.

In addition, scrapers can effectively remove damp dirt from the surface, unlike other earth-moving machinery. They work well in a variety of challenging soil situations, including heavy soil.

This adaptive and multipurpose equipment can help with a variety of tasks, however, it is usually used for highway building.

6. Trenchers

Trenchers are among the several kinds of construction equipment. They are a particular kind of construction truck that may be used for many different jobs. It is popular because it is adaptable.

Trenchers can also be utilized for trench preparation, pipe laying, drainage installation, and trench warfare. Once more, trenchers are available in a range of sizes and forms, including:

  • Chained Trenchers: A chain trencher is made comprised of a digging chain and a track trencher. They are employed to rake up the ground and create lengthy, slender tunnels.
  • Wheeled trencher: Wheel trenchers employ metal wheels with teeth.

They are employed to cut pavements during road maintenance. Wheel trenchers are used by construction companies to get access to underground services. Trencher types include Micro Trenchers as well.

Micro trenchers are utilized for construction operations in urban areas. Instead of digging enormous trenches that disturb city life, micro trenchers utilize a cutting wheel to make smaller ditches.

7. Backhoe Loader

Although they seem similar to tractors, backhoes are far more distinctive. A backhoe loader is a type of large construction equipment that resembles a tractor and has a shovel or bucket up front and a backhoe in the back.

The backhoe loaders are capable of carrying out a variety of landscaping chores, like digging up trees and moving them while maintaining the root ball.

Additionally, it may be used to move dirt, push topsoil into place, and move boulders, gravel, and rocks. It may also be used to construct irrigation canals to keep the landscape watered and healthy all year round.

8. Forklift

The forklift is a potent piece of construction machinery. Materials may be moved over short distances using forklift equipment. They are used to move bulky items around a warehouse or construction site.

It aids with the transporting and lifting of objects that are simply too heavy for one person to lift. Forklifts are now a necessary piece of equipment on every construction site.

Employees are raised using scissor lifts, which are aerial work platforms like boom lifts. Electric or engine-powered scissor lifts are both options.

9. Compactor

If the earth is not correctly compacted, the foundation may deteriorate, leading to slab fractures, pipe breakage, and leaks. These problems may result in structural failure and needlessly expensive maintenance costs.

A solid foundation will improve the building. Due to this, the compactor is a very important piece of construction machinery for compacting the earth. No of the scale of the job, the compactor is a necessary piece of equipment.

Compactors come in a variety of varieties. A baler-wrapper compactor is used to generate compact bundles; a trash compactor is a piece of machinery that condenses waste into a smaller volume; a vibrating plate compactor is used in hard-to-reach places; For example, smooth rollers are used in road building. Smooth roller compactors are the most common type.

10. Cold Planer

Cold planers are how asphalt milling equipment is referred to as they remove concrete or pavement off roads. It is also one of the best types of construction trucks.

Also, cold planers are known as pavement recyclers, pavement planers, mill or asphalt milling machines, and roto mills. This machinery aids in both the recycling of old asphalt and the construction of a surface for fresh asphalt.

Despite being heavy and challenging to move, this machine must be in the right position before starting work in order to mill with the least amount of movement possible.

11. Articulated Trucks

This particular heavy-duty dump truck may be utilized for a range of tasks, including haulage, recycling, mining, and scrapping.

These are frequently large vehicles made for rocky, off-road terrain and sand. An articulated truck has a chassis split into two halves that can move independently for better control and mobility. As follows:

  • The cab-equipped tractor part
  • The portion of the trailer with the dump body

Although this is the most typical kind of construction dump truck, other on-road dump vehicles, such as transfer dump trucks, standard dump trucks, and side dump trucks can be utilized for other construction tasks.

12. Wheel Loader

An extremely common kind of earthmoving machinery is the wheel loader. A wheel loader may be used to move building supplies like bricks and pipes in addition to its traditional duties of moving soil and loading trucks on a normal construction site.

These pieces of equipment have benefited recently from performance enhancements and operator aid technologies as consumers search more and more for emerging technology that helps boost fuel efficiency, uptime, and lower total cost of ownership.

For instance, operators may maximize the efficiency of their equipment with Volvo Co-Pilot. The onboard display gives the operator real-time visibility into the process, allowing for shorter working cycles and more accurate performance.

As a result of features like rimpull control, the unique Reverse-by-Braking function, a dry P-brake, and the eco pedal, which delivers a mechanical push-back force in reaction to excessive use of the accelerator, Volvo’s new generation wheel loaders consume up to 20% less gasoline than earlier models.

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13. Dump Trucks

Another popular category of construction equipment is the dump truck. Rigid dump trucks and articulated dump trucks are the two most common types of dump trucks in southern Africa (RDTs).

Small ADTs in the 20–30 t range are ideal for big infrastructure projects because of their size. These can be used to transport building supplies to the job site or remove debris from the site.

Recent technological developments have made ADTs simpler to use and enable end users to put less qualified people in the driving seat.

14. Conveyors

Conveyors are machinery used to move cargo from one place to another. They are able to move objects of any size, weight, or form. Also, they are one of the best types of construction trucks.

Also, conveyor systems are used in a variety of sectors, including agriculture, mining, automotive, electrical, pharmaceutical, aerospace, print finishing, food processing, bottling and canning, and packaging.

You could also wonder why a conveyor is regarded as a construction vehicle. The post may move around a building site when the conveyor shaft is supported by wheels.

Wheeled conveyors are widely used on construction sites to move big stones and bricks from one place to another.

15. Concrete Mixer Truck

One of the several kinds of construction vehicles is a concrete mixer truck. A mixer truck is a type of construction vehicle used to evenly mix cement, sand or gravel, and water to create concrete.

The components are combined in a revolving drum installed atop a mixer truck. When smaller amounts of cement are needed, a portable concrete mixer (concrete mixer truck) is regularly employed on construction sites.

Additionally, it provides enough time for personnel to work with the concrete before it dries. Construction trucks are necessary for all types of construction projects.,Human employees are unable to do all duties by hand, even when there are several of them present on the job site.

Construction trucks and equipment are used to speed up the building process and benefit workers by making their duties simpler, less demanding, and more enjoyable.

16. Backhoe

A backhoe is a piece of digging equipment having an articulated two-section arm and a digging bucket connected to the end. It is frequently mounted on a loader or a tractor. The arm’s dipper carries the bucket, while the boom is the portion that is closest to the vehicle.

The arm may swivel between 180 to 200 degrees thanks to the hinge that joins the boom to the vehicle. Additionally, because to their compact size and adaptability, these vehicles are frequently used in modest construction tasks like mending city roads and building tiny residences.

In some places, they are also utilized for small-scale drilling, tree planting, and snow or soil removal.

17. Crawler Dozer

The crawler dozer is among the most powerful construction machinery. Crawler dozers are exceptionally steady tracked machines.

They help move material with a variety of blades that are placed on the front of the machine. They are also widely used in innovative initiatives like building new roads or clearing overburden from mines.

Smaller crawler dozers can be used to create complex contours with automated grade controls or as grading tractors.

18. Cranes

One of the most important building tools is the crane. They can lower and lift things that individuals cannot since they are comprised of pulleys and cables.

They support the lowering, raising, and horizontal movement of loads and materials. On construction sites, cranes are employed by construction companies to help raise heavy objects that human laborers are unable to move.

The majority of the time, building organizations would use an industrial crane rental because cranes are pretty expensive on their own and there are many different crane types and designs required for various operations.

Cranes are either either mobile or fixed. Mobile cranes with large wheels provide stability and support when being hoisted high and hauling a heavy load. A crane type that is frequently used in the building of towering constructions is the tower crane.

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19. Feller Buncher

The Feller Buncher is one of the several kinds of construction equipment. A self-propelled machine with a cutting head attachment called a “feller buncher” may also swiftly gather and chop a tree before it is fallen.

Its main use is to chop, hold, and set things down on the ground. The vehicle has a self-leveling cabin for comfort and may be driven on tracks or wheels. However, the base carrier’s chassis or a boom are where the cutting heads are fastened.
Several cutting heads may be added, depending on the kind and size of the trees that need to be chopped.

Cutting heads fall into one of three groups. Bunching professionals manage several stems. Processing heads can be used to fall and process trees. Additionally, although single stems can be cut and fell by felling heads, they cannot be processed.

Equipment with a high yield is the Feller buncher. They are advantageous for both thinnings and clear-cuts. They are typically utilized in situations when it is necessary to remove biomass and the range of acceptable bunching heads is met by the stems to be removed.

20. Reclaimer

A volumetric device called a reclaimer recovers bulk materials from a stockpile, including grains and ores. It is based on the typical specific gravity of the recycled materials and is expressed in tons per hour.

Additionally, a typical bucket wheel reclaimer may move in three directions: vertically, rotationally, and by ‘luffing’ its boom horizontally down the rail.

However, a network of wires is typically used to supply electricity to the equipment. Depending on your demands, it may be put together in a variety of ways (load and flow rate). For instance, a boom and bucket wheel combo is employed when there are large material flow rates during exceptionally strong winds.

21. Ballast Tamper

A train creates strong forces the entire time it is moving down a track. It stretches before returning to its original position and is comprised of rails, sleepers, and ballast. However, with time, the track shape degrades due to this extreme stress. In order to retain correct geometry, tracks require routine maintenance.

Furthermore, a ballast tamper is used for this maintenance. In order to strengthen railway tracks, it is used to put track ballast underneath the tracks. To decrease the mechanical stress placed on the rails by passing trains, modern ballast tampers may also conduct leveling and lining.

22. Grader

To produce a level surface (or one with a certain slope) for building projects such as the base course for a railway or road, a foundation, or sewer systems, a grader is a big engineering machine with a long metal blade.

Depending on the demands of the project and the region, it can also remove snow and trash. These machines are commonly spotted working on infrastructure projects, building developments, and road construction, where they shape the final surfaces over which pavement will be laid.

Between their front and rear wheels, most graders include a sizable manually or hydraulically driven blade. At each end, the blade may be raised or lowered. Some graders have additional attachments, including a rear ripper and a front blade, for grading soil and clearing snow.

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23. Stacker

Massive machines called stackers are used to load heavy items like limestone, grains, and ore into stacks. Typically, they are quantified in tonnes per hour (in terms of capacity). Stackers are capable of moving both forward and backward. Its boom may be vertically lifted and lowered horizontally, parallel to the rail.

The crack may also be turned to produce two stockpiles, one on either side of the conveyor, using a few stackers. Additionally, modern stackers are either completely automated or semi-automatic.

They often operate the machine effectively using a programmable automation controller with a graphical input.

Conclusion

It’s not simple to choose a construction vehicle, and your decision may change based on the location you’re working in, the task at hand, and the purpose of the equipment. Make sure to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each piece of equipment.

FAQs – Types of Construction Trucks

What is the name of construction truck?

Loaders
Bulldozer
Excavators
Front-Loaders
Scraper
Trenchers
Backhoe Loader
Forklift
Compactor
Cold Planer
Articulated Trucks
Wheel Loader
Dump Trucks
Conveyors
Concrete Mixer Truck
Backhoe
Crawler Dozer
Cranes
Feller Buncher
Reclaimer
Ballast Tamper
Grader
Stacker

Which vehicle is used for digging?

Excavators, which have a bucket, arm, rotating cab, and moveable tracks, are common earthmoving machines. This heavy equipment can execute a number of tasks, from digging trenches and cracking holes to lifting debris and excavating mines, thanks to these components’ excellent digging power and agility.

Which vehicles are used in construction?

Loaders
Bulldozer
Excavators
Front-Loaders
Scraper
Trenchers
Backhoe Loader
Forklift
Compactor
Cold Planer
Articulated Trucks
Wheel Loader
Dump Trucks
Conveyors
Concrete Mixer Truck
Backhoe
Crawler Dozer
Cranes
Feller Buncher
Reclaimer
Ballast Tamper
Grader
Stacker

References

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