4 PS OF MARKETING: What Are They?

4 ps of marketing

What do you think of when you hear 4 ps? That’s right, you guessed it correctly. They are product, price, place, and promotion. These are the four main components of marketing. The knowledge of the 4 ps of marketing will help you strategize your brand for optimum results. Let’s go over them in this article.

What Are the 4 Ps of Marketing?

The 4 Ps of marketing is the fundamental elements involved in the promotion of a product or service. They are a good or service’s product, price, place, and promotion. The 4 Ps, often known as the marketing mix, are constrained by internal and external elements in the broader business environment, and they interact heavily with one another.

Companies use the 4Ps to identify some key factors for their business. Such factors are what consumers want from them, how their product or service meets or fails to meet those needs, how their product or service is perceived in the world, how they differentiate themselves from their competitors, and how they interact with their customers.

Understanding The Marketing Mix

A marketing mix is a tool that helps brands understand which aspects must be combined to achieve their marketing goals and objectives. Finally, this comprises the 4 Ps of marketing: product, price, place, and promotion.

The expansion of the digital age has prompted nearly every industry’s normal procedures and practices to alter and grow to work within this new paradigm, and marketing is no different. In fact, the marketing business has perhaps benefited the most from the rise of digital.

Marketers today have access to a multitude of information and tools for client profiling, artificial intelligence, and response analysis, to mention a few. Add to that Big Data, or the ability to collect, analyze, and act on massive amounts of consumer and product data, and the concept of providing dependable, predictive one-to-one marketing becomes very real.

The fundamental principles of marketing have withstood the test of time. The Internet era has resulted in some changes in the way marketers work. This entails rethinking previous marketing methods, concepts, and priorities and then reconstructing them into forms that work better and more successfully in this new world of communications. Those tenants and fundamentals, however, have not changed.

Recognizing the 4Ps of Marketing

In the 1950s, Neil Borden popularized the concept of the marketing mix, as well as the concepts that would eventually be known principally as the 4 Ps. Borden taught advertising at Harvard University. His 1964 article, “The Concept of the Marketing Mix,” highlighted how businesses might engage their customers through advertising methods. Decades later, firms are still using the themes that Borden popularized to sell their goods and services.

Borden’s ideas were enormously important in the corporate world when they were originally introduced. In return, they were developed and polished over a number of years by other key individuals in the industry. E. Jerome McCarthy, a marketing professor at Michigan State University, was the one who improved Borden’s ideas and coined the name “4 Ps,” which is still used today. McCarthy co-wrote the book “Basic Marketing: A Managerial Approach” in 1960, which popularized the 4 Ps concept. 

At the time of its inception, the marketing mix assisted corporations in accounting for the physical constraints that impeded widespread product uptake. Today, the Internet has aided businesses in achieving a higher level of integration between firms and consumers, as well as in breaking down some of these barriers. People, process, and physical evidence are extensions of the original four Ps that are more relevant to modern marketing trends.

Any successful marketing approach must be revisited from time to time. If you’re creating a 4 Ps plan for your company, it’s critical to recognize that the elements of the first marketing mix you construct aren’t supposed to be static; they’re meant to be updated and enhanced as your company’s product evolves and your potential consumers change.

The 4Ps of Marketing

#1. Product

A product is a good or service that a firm provides to its clients. A product should ideally meet existing consumer demand. Alternatively, a product may be so attractive that people believe they must have it, resulting in new demand. To be effective, marketers must understand a product’s life cycle. Also, business executives must have a strategy for dealing with products at each point of their life cycle. The sort of product also influences how much firms can charge for it, where it should be placed, and how it should be promoted in the marketplace.

Many of the most successful items were the first in their respective categories. Apple, for example, was the first to develop a touchscreen smartphone capable of playing music, browsing the Internet, and making phone calls. In the first quarter of 2022, Apple announced total iPhone sales of $71.6 billion. Apple will have sold two billion iPhones by the year 2021. 

#2. Price

Price is the cost that customers pay for a product. Marketers must link the price to the true and perceived worth of the product. However, they must also consider supplier costs, seasonal reductions, and competitors’ prices. In some circumstances, corporate leaders may boost the price to make the product appear more expensive. Alternatively, they may reduce the price so that more people can test the product.

Marketers must also determine when and whether discounting is necessary. A reduction might occasionally attract more buyers. However, it can also give the impression that the product is less rare or luxurious than when it was priced higher.

UNIQLO, headquartered in Japan, is a multinational casual wear clothing manufacturer. Like its competitors—other well-known casual wear labels such as Gap and Zara— UNIQLO creates low-cost, everyday clothing.

UNIQLO is distinguished by the creation of creative, high-quality products. It achieves this by obtaining its fabric from its material maker partners, securing reliable, high-quality materials at low cost by ordering in huge quantities, and always seeking the highest-quality and lowest-priced material in the globe. The company also negotiates directly with its manufacturers and has formed strategic alliances with high-quality and creative Japanese manufacturers.

Because UNIQLO does not own its own factories, it has the freedom to shift production partners if the optimal production location changes over time. Finally, the organization employs a staff of expert textile artisans who go to partner facilities throughout the world for quality monitoring. Furthermore, production managers visit plants once a week to address quality issues. 

#3. Place

When a corporation makes place decisions, it is attempting to establish where it should sell a product and how to convey the product to the market. Business leaders’ ultimate goal is to bring their items in front of the people who are most inclined to buy them.

In some circumstances, this may relate to placing a product in specific stores, but it may also refer to placing the product on a specific store’s display. In some circumstances, product placement may refer to the act of placing a product on television shows, films, or web pages in order to generate interest in the product.

GoldenEye was the seventeenth installment in the James Bond film franchise, released in 1995. It was the first Bond film without an Aston Martin vehicle. Instead, British actor Pierce Brosnan boarded a BMW Z3. Despite the fact that the Z3 was not introduced until months after the film was finished, BMW got 9,000 orders for the car the month after the film premiered.

#4. Promotion

Advertising, public relations, and promotional strategy are all examples of promotion. The purpose of product promotion is to show customers why they need it and why they should pay a given price for it.

Marketers frequently combine promotion and placement aspects in order to reach their target audiences. In the digital age, for example, the “place” and “promotion” aspects are as important online as they are out. Specifically, where a product appears on a company’s website or social media, as well as what types of search operations result in relevant, targeted adverts for the product.

Absolut, a Swedish vodka brand, sold only 10,000 cases of vodka in 1980. However, by the year 2000, the company had sold 4.5 million cases, thanks in part to its memorable advertising campaign. The campaign’s visuals included the brand’s iconic bottle fashioned as a variety of strange pictures, including a bottle with a halo, a bottle formed of stone, and the outline of trees on a ski slope. From 1981 to 2005, this Absolut advertising campaign was one of the longest-running continuous marketing campaigns of all time.

How do you employ the 4 Ps of marketing?

You can apply the 4 ps approach when creating a new company venture, analyzing an existing product, or attempting to optimize your sales with your target audience. It can also be utilized to put your present marketing plan to the test.

The four aspects of the marketing mix can assist you in deciding how to launch a new offer or test your present marketing strategy. To define or improve your marketing mix, follow these steps:

  1. Determine which product or service you want to examine.
  2. Review and respond to the four Ps questions given above.
  3. Once you’ve determined your best marketing mix, test the total offer from the customer’s point of view. Here are some questions to consider:
  • Does it meet their requirements?
  • Will they think the price is reasonable?
  • Where will people be able to locate this product/service?
  • Have your marketing communications effectively targeted and reached your target audience?
  • By asking questions and making changes, you may continue to enhance your marketing mix.

    4. Review your marketing mix on a frequent basis to keep up with the ever-changing market.

Other Marketing Models

The four Ps of marketing is only one of numerous lists that have been generated over time. Furthermore, while the questions stated above are important, they are only a portion of the extensive probing that may be required to improve your marketing mix.

Among the several models developed over the years is Boom and Bitner’s 7Ps, also known as the expanded marketing mix, which includes the first four Ps as well as people, processes, and physical layout considerations.

Lauterborn’s 4Cs is another technique that presents the parts of the marketing mix from the buyer’s, rather than the seller’s, perspective. It is made up of the following components:

  • Customer demands and desires (the equivalent of product).
  • Cost (price).
  • Advantage (place).
  • Communication is essential (promotion).

In Conclusion,

The marketing mix refers to the four Ps of marketing: product, price, place, and promotion. These are the key components of marketing a product or service, and they interact heavily with one another. Taking into account all of these components is one approach to developing a comprehensive marketing plan.

4 Ps of Marketing FAQs

What is 4p and 4c in marketing?

The 4Ps of product, price, place, and promotion allude to the products your firm offers and how they are delivered to the consumer. The 4Cs stand for stakeholders, costs, communication, and distribution channels, all of which are important parts of how your organization operates.

How do you write a 4p analysis?

  • Clearly identify the product or service under consideration.
  • Examine how well your product fits the needs of your clients.
  • Recognize the locations where your target audience shops.
  • Set a price for your product.
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  • Clearly identify the product or service under consideration.
  • Examine how well your product fits the needs of your clients.
  • Recognize the locations where your target audience shops.
  • Set a price for your product.
" } } ] }
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