BUY TO CLOSE: Definition And Trading Guide


Buy to close is one of the four main types of option orders that can be used to trade in option contracts.  Like a buy to open order, a buy to close order is used to buy option contracts, as opposed to a sell to open or sell to close order, both of which are used to sell option contracts. 

A buy to close order is an order used to close an existing position where you have short sold option contracts, and this is similar to when you buy stocks by selling them.

Where To Use Buy To Close Order

There are a number of circumstances in which you can use a buy to close a withdrawal order, and this will of course depend on what options trading strategy you have used. 

For example, if the value of the option contracts you have created has decreased, you may decide to buy those option contracts back at a lower price using a buy order to close, and realize your profits at that point. 

In addition, the value of options may increase, and to reduce your losses, you place a purchase order to close the warrant for the return of the option contract.

What Is Buy To Close Order?

The purpose of a buy to close order or transaction is to close any short option position if you need to sell to open to start trading.  Thus, the process is similar to a short sale of shares.  You start trading by first selling something (and getting cash) and then closing the trade by buying it back.

How Do Buy To Close Orders Work?

To be able to sell to open, you need collateral for the position.  This can be in the form of relevant shares or the equivalent value in cash.  If you have stocks, you will share the covered position.  If you have no stock, you are shorting an option or selling an open position.

Then, when you want to close the position, you will need to use the purchase order before closing.  It is quite easy to sell before opening.  Let’s take a closer look at what we mean by buying before closing.

First of all, you need to remember that in short sale options, it means signing a contract to sell to another buyer.  Your goal is to see the fall in the base price of the stock, which will bring you a profit when the trade closes.

Trading will end when it matures, when you redeem the position, or the buyer uses the option.  (Exercising an option involves converting it into a stock that is rare.) You will make a profit if the sale price or short price is higher than the purchase or coverage price.


Buy To Close Order Example

For example, if you sold call options, you gave the owner the right to buy the underlying security at a fixed exercise price.  The price of these option contracts will increase if the underlying security increases and will fall if the underlying security decreases. 

If you sold put options, you gave the owner the right to sell the underlying security at a fixed exercise price.  This means that options rise in price when the underlying security falls, and they fall when the underlying security rises.

It is important that you understand the differences mentioned above, as this clearly affects whether your position is profitable or unprofitable, which in turn affects when you will use the purchase to close the order of this position. 

Because you take a short position, you make a profit when the option price falls and a loss when the option price rises. 

What Is Buy To Close Vs Buy To Open

Buying to open is one way to open a position with options.  Another is sold at the opening.  When buying to open, the trader uses either a call or a put and bets that the value of the option will increase – it can be a bullish or bearish bet depending on the type of option used. 

Buying to open sometimes creates a new option contract in the market, so it can increase open interest.  Buying to close options is based on the current position of short options and can reduce the number of contracts in the market. 

A closing purchase is a compensatory trade that covers a short position on options.  The purchase to close the order takes place after the trader writes the option.

Differences Between Buy To Close Vs Buy To Open

There are two ways to distinguish a buy to close order from a buy to open order.  First, you use a warrant when you want to close a position instead of opening another.  Second, you are trading a position with a previously created option.

Each time a trader places a Sell to Open order (which involves creating and selling a put or call option), he must also place a Buy to Close option to close his position.  After a trader sells a put or call option, he falls into a short position, which earns them money to create a premium for the option.

After a while, the position will either make a profit or lose money.  The trader must decide whether he wants to close his position before it expires.  If they do, they will have to redeem the sold options that require a buy to close order.

 A trader must pay another person to take a position.  A new trader holding a position can use it to expire or repeat the position closing cycle until it ends.  This prevents them from experiencing a financial crisis.

Buy To Close Covered Call

Closing a covered call early is not necessarily a bad thing.  In fact, in some situations, this can help you either capture most of your maximum earnings early, or it can be used as an option adjustment strategy to help manage risk in your trading.

And if you’re going to take writing seriously, the problem is not whether to close the position early, but to know when to close the call earlier.  Investors usually write covered calls when they are neutral or a little bullish. 

In many cases, the best time to sell covered calls is either when you have established a long equity position (buy / write) or when the equity position has already started to move in your favor.

When setting a call-back position, most investors sell options with an exercise price equal to cash (ATM) or slightly out of cash (OTM).  If you choose OTM-covered calls and the promotion stays the same or decreases in value, the options will eventually expire and you will be able to keep the premium you received when they were sold without any additional obligation.

ALSO CHECK: Put Call Parity: How To Calculate Put Call Parity

Buy To Close Option

The buyer of the call option is called the owner.  The owner buys the call option in the hope that the price will rise beyond the exercise price and before the expiration date. 

The proceeds are equal to the proceeds from the sale, less the strike price, the premium and any transaction fees associated with the sale.  If the price does not exceed the strike price, the buyer will not use the option.  The buyer suffers losses equal to the premium of the call option.

For example, suppose ABC shares sell for $ 40 and a strike option with a strike price of $ 40 for one month is valued at $2.  The buyer is optimistic that the stock price will rise and pays $200 for one ABC call option with a strike price of $40.  If the ABC stock rises from $40 to $50, the buyer will receive a gross profit of $1,000 and a net profit of $800.

Buy To Close FAQs

Can I Use Buy To Close Orders On A Losing Trade?

you obviously need to have a clear idea of ​​what it takes to make the right decision.  This show how important it is to understand the different types of option orders and how they work.

How Does Writing Options Work?

Writing options involves collecting a premium for an option – otherwise called a net loan – while buying to close an order debits the account.  The trader hopes to make a profit by keeping as much premium as possible between writing the option and buying before closing.  The procedure is similar to reducing the stock and then covering it.


With more insights into buying to open, or buying to close, and other selling options, you’ll be able to make better decisions on the market.  Buy to open (and sell to close) applies to long circles and paths.  For short positions you have to buy to close (and sell to open).  In other words, you need a sell order to create a new position with short circles and shackles.

 To be able to sell to open, you need collateral for the position.  This can be in the form of relevant shares or the equivalent value in cash.  If you have stocks, you will share the covered position.  If you have no stock, you are shorting an option or selling an open position.

When you buy to close, you come out of a short position that already exists.  In other words, you have an open position for which you have received a net loan.  Writing this option closes this item.

 REFERENCES – Buy to Open vs Buy to Close – Buy To Close Orders

  1. SELL TO OPEN VS SELL TO CLOSE: Detailed Comparison
  2. DELTA HEDGING: What Are The Options?
  3. LONG TERM ASSETS: Definition, Examples and Limitations
  4. Put Call Parity: How To Calculate Put Call Parity
  5. Bull Trap: Definition and how to avoid getting into one
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