What is Residual Income? Best Practices & What You Need

residual income

Money that one continues to earn after the completion of the work that generates income is known as residual income. Prominent examples include royalties, rental and real estate revenue, interest and dividend income, and income from the continued sale of consumer items (such as music, digital art, or books), and so on.

In the context of personal finance, residual income can also be referred to as the money that is left over after all personal obligations and debts have been settled, or as the money that is received after the majority of the job has been performed.

What is Residual Income in Corporate Finance?

Companies can more effectively distribute resources among investments by calculating the residual revenue. A positive RI indicates that the business has outperformed its minimum rate of return. A negative RI, on the other hand, indicates that the rate of return was lower than expected.

RI Formula:

RI= the required rate of return multiplied by the average of the operating assets.


The project’s revenue-less expenses are referred to as the segment’s controllable margin. On the other hand, the least amount of return that a business is willing to accept on a particular investment is known as the required rate of return.

The kind of resources necessary to keep the business going is known as average operational assets. They include, among other things, things like money, receivables, stock, and fixed assets.

Residual Income in Equity Valuation

When it comes to equity, residual income is employed to make an educated guess regarding the share’s intrinsic worth.

In this situation, the company is evaluated using the total of its book value and the present value of projected residual income. The RI aids business owners in calculating economic profit, which is the total profit remaining after deducting opportunity costs incurred from all capital sources.

RI Formula

RI = Net Income – Equity Charge

To put it simply, residual income is the net profit that has been adjusted for the cost of equity. The cost of equity and the company’s equity capital are multiplied to determine the equity charge.

Residual Income in Personal Finance

Residual income is another name for discretionary income when referring to personal finances. It describes any extra money that a person has left over after paying off all of their debts, including credit card bills and auto loans.

Consider employee A, who makes $4,000 a year in income but must pay $700 a month for a car loan and $800 a month for a mortgage. The amount of his RI is $2,500 ($4,000 – ($800 + $700)). In other words, it is the sum of money that remains after obligatory payments have been made.

And because it is one of the numbers that banks and lenders consider before authorizing loans, residual income is a crucial factor. It assists the institutions in determining whether a person makes enough money to cover his expenses and obtain a second loan. One’s loan is more likely to be accepted if they have a high RI than if they have a low RI.

How Does Residual Income Work?

From a corporate accounting standpoint, residual income is derived by deducting all equity-related expenses from the reporting period’s net income for the company. The residual income model, often known as residual income forecasts, can be used to estimate a business’s intrinsic worth.

Residual Income Types

Because residual revenue in business helps free up time to plan how to increase operations, it is favourable for a continuous improvement strategy. Different kinds of residual income that may be included in a company’s debts include the following:

#1. Real Estate Investing:

Since you put in the labor up front, buying a rental property is a form of residual income. You can generate cash every month by renting out the property to tenants and collecting the rent you charge for it. Additionally, you can contribute a set sum to the property and, when it is completely funded, take ownership of it. You can budget your investment this way and plan how you’ll pay for it in the meantime, keeping your business solvent.

#2. Stocks:

There are numerous opportunities on the stock market for your business to generate a profit that you may record as equity on your balance sheet. Index funds allow you to invest in a variety of stocks that are all combined into one fund, and your profit can grow without any further work on your part.

#3. Bonds:

Bonds enable you to acquire a stake in loans made by businesses and governments. About twice a year, investors get fixed-rate interest payments. To ensure a steady flow of capital into and out of the business after a loan matures, you can reinvest in additional bonds. Even so, you’re still generating income without actively contributing to each stage of the process.

#4. Royalties:

A royalty is a sum of money paid by users of a product or patent, whether on an ongoing basis or just once, to the owner of the said product or patent. It could consist of resources, intellectual property, assets, or copyrighted content. After putting in the time and effort upfront to get the product ready for exhibition, you get money in the form of royalties.

How to Generate Residual Income

Review the following procedures for generating residual income in a professional setting and make use of them:

#1. Examine the Balance Sheet

After deducting obligations from equity, your balance sheet shows the assets that are now available. The outcome can be used to assess the financial health of your employer.

But before you can modify and enhance those asset-generating processes, you may want to evaluate how your organization is generating revenue.

#2. Determine Whether Your Gains Come From Active Income

Active income is the money you make by taking part in every stage of the process to profit from a service that is offered. The quantity of active income that your firm creates might be reflected in employee pay and salaries. If your employer only receives active income, you might take steps to boost your profits through residual income.

#3. Determine Whether Your Gains Come From Residual Income

Examine the various residual income streams to evaluate if your employer has benefited financially from them. Small firms tend to be more selective in their investment plans, in contrast to larger enterprises or corporations that generally invest heavily in stocks, bonds, and real estate to preserve their financial health.

Additionally, creative people might be working independently to publish their works of art and earn royalties from them. For instance, musicians can sign contracts with record labels, who receive royalties from the music they promote on the musician’s behalf.

Other Methods to Generate Residual Income in Personal Finance

#1. Clear your debts

One method is to pay off the loan with the highest interest rate first, then go on to the debt with the next-highest interest rate, and so forth until you are completely debt-free. Another strategy is to pay off your smallest debt first before moving on to the next smallest. The idea behind this strategy is that you can pay off your initial debt the quickest and experience a psychological high, inspiring you to take on the obligations that get progressively bigger.

#2. Buying Dividend-Paying Stocks

Purchasing stocks that pay dividends is another excellent strategy to generate a steady stream of income. Dividends, which are profits returned to shareholders and are often paid quarterly, are a common form of compensation for publicly traded corporations.

Any stock you purchase will have a dividend yield, which is the annualized dividend expressed as a percentage of the share price. It’s crucial to assess a company’s dividend dependability. The highest dividend stocks to buy belong to businesses that are successful and have a history of reliably paying and raising dividends.

#3. Rent Out Your Place

Renting out your home or other assets is a growingly popular option to get extra money. With the growth of companies like Airbnb (NASDAQ:ABNB), renting out extra rooms or even your entire house is becoming very simple.

Additionally, you are not restricted to merely renting out your home or flat. People can share their vehicles and generate residual revenue through services like Getaround and Turo. Businesses that permit the renting of other personal property, such as boats and airplanes, can also help you grow your residual income.

#5. Create and Market a Mobile Application

If you’re interested in programming, think about creating a software application that generates income. Many software developers advertise their items on Apple’s (NASDAQ:AAPL) App Store. Every time a user downloads your app, clicks on an ad, or makes an in-app purchase, you get paid.

Other platforms can be used to promote an app. For instance, Skillz (NYSE:SKLZ) makes it possible for mobile game producers to be compensated each time a consumer plays one of their games.

#6. Release a Book

Putting a book out there is now simpler than ever. The conventional approach would be to write a book, get a publisher, and then collect royalties from book sales. However, there are now additional ways to become published.

Authors can publish their novels in electronic form quite easily thanks to the services offered by the internet behemoth Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN). Millions of people use Amazon’s Kindle e-reader, and every time a customer downloads a book, authors are paid royalties.

#7. Create a Newsletter or Blog

If the thought of producing a book overwhelms you, consider starting a blog where you may place advertisements. Using a platform like Substack, you can also create a newsletter and generate subscription income.

The good news is that you don’t need to undertake the advertising research yourself. Ads in your blog are simple to include thanks to Alphabet-owned Google (NASDAQ:GOOG).

Additionally, even if you must find paying subscribers for a newsletter, you might make a sizeable sum of money.

#8. Work from Home Jobs

One of the most popular ways to make extra money is to work one or more side jobs.

However, you do not need to work a part-time job. You can advertise your services on a freelance basis through online marketplaces like Fiverr (NYSE:FVRR). A product-based internet business could potentially be launched using a platform like Amazon Marketplace, eBay (NASDAQ:EBAY), or Etsy (NA).

What Distinguishes Passive Income From Residual Income?

For organizations and individuals, residual income and passive income are relatively related ideas. However, there is one significant distinction between the two ideas: By definition, residual revenue is not a form of money that is produced directly by an organization. Residual income refers to the computation of a company’s financial results to assess operating performance, i.e., to determine whether they are covering their expenses or keeping track of how much money is left over that can be put to better use.

Passive income, on the other hand, as used in the business sector, refers to the capital accumulation that a company has achieved with little effort. However, in the context of personal finance, passive income is frequently used to refer to earnings from a side business or investment, such as real estate.

Formula for Residual Income

The calculation for residual income for businesses is:

Residual income = Net income-(Cost of equity x Equity capital)

The money that’s left over after a business pays all of its operating and debt-related expenses is known as net income. The annualized dividends per share of a corporation are divided by its market price to obtain its cost of equity, which is added to the predicted dividend growth rate. The amount of money given by investors who own ordinary or preferred stock is known as the equity capital.

What is Residual Income FAQs

How do you earn residual income?

The following are popular methods of earning residual income:

  1. Real Estate.
  2. Short-Term Rentals.
  3. Peer-to-Peer Lending.
  4. Stock-Picking.
  5. Dividend Payments…

Is residual income considered earned income?

The tax treatment of residual or passive income is identical to that of earned income. Your adjusted gross income, federal tax bracket, and, if applicable, your state and local tax bracket all play a role in determining how much you pay. For the year in which the gains are received, you must pay income taxes.

How do you gain money from stocks?

Gaining a return on their investment is the main motivation for investors to buy stock. There are often two ways that return manifests itself: The price of the stock rises or appreciates. The stock can then be sold for a profit if you so want.

  1. Real Estate.
  2. Short-Term Rentals.
  3. Peer-to-Peer Lending.
  4. Stock-Picking.
  5. Dividend Payments...
" } } , { "@type": "Question", "name": "Is residual income considered earned income?", "acceptedAnswer": { "@type": "Answer", "text": "

The tax treatment of residual or passive income is identical to that of earned income. Your adjusted gross income, federal tax bracket, and, if applicable, your state and local tax bracket all play a role in determining how much you pay. For the year in which the gains are received, you must pay income taxes.

" } } , { "@type": "Question", "name": "How do you gain money from stocks?", "acceptedAnswer": { "@type": "Answer", "text": "

Gaining a return on their investment is the main motivation for investors to buy stock. There are often two ways that return manifests itself: The price of the stock rises or appreciates. The stock can then be sold for a profit if you so want.

" } } ] }

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